Ubuntu VM Installation¶
If you have a Windows- or MacOS-based computer and would like to use netsim-tools with libvirt1 or run network devices as containers, you’ll have to run the whole toolchain needed to create networking labs (netsim-tools ⇨ Vagrant ⇨ libvirt ⇨ KVM) within a Linux virtual machine. The easiest way to do that is to create a Ubuntu virtual machine and use netlab install command within that virtual machine to install the required software packages2.
Running libvirt within a Ubuntu VM requires nested virtualization. Nested virtualization was available in VMware Workstation/Fusion for years and was recently added to VirtualBox. While VMware products perform flawlessly, you might get unacceptable performance with VirtualBox nested virtualization on some Intel CPUs (example: MacBook Pro 2020, Intel Core i5 CPU).
The easiest way to set up a Ubuntu VM is to use Vagrant. Vagrant will automatically:
Download the required virtual disk image
Start the virtual machine
Enable SSH access to the virtual machine
Provision the software on the virtual machine
You can also create the virtual machine yourself (using, for example, VirtualBox or VMware GUI)
Creating Ubuntu VM with Vagrant¶
Install VirtualBox or VMware Fusion/Workstation
Install Vagrant VMware provider if you’re using VMware Workstation/Fusion.
Create an empty directory. Create Vagrantfile with the following content in that directory. Change the memory/memsize or cpus/numvcpus settings to fit your hardware.
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| # config.vm.box = "ubuntu/focal64" config.vm.box = "bento/ubuntu-20.04" config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb| vb.memory = "8192" vb.cpus = 4 vb.customize ['modifyvm', :id, '--nested-hw-virt', 'on'] end config.vm.provider "vmware_fusion" do |v| v.vmx["memsize"] = 8192 v.vmx["numvcpus"] = "4" v.vmx["vhv.enable"] = "TRUE" end config.vm.provider "vmware_desktop" do |v| v.vmx["memsize"] = 8192 v.vmx["numvcpus"] = "4" v.vmx["vhv.enable"] = "TRUE" end config.vm.provision "shell", privileged: false, inline: <<-SHELL sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install -y python3-pip sudo pip3 install --ignore-installed netsim-tools netlab install -y ubuntu ansible libvirt containerlab SHELL end
Execute vagrant up and wait for the installation to complete. If you’re using VMware Workstation or Fusion you MUST specify the –provider argument in vagrant up command when you’re creating the VM (but not on subsequent starts).
Log into the virtual machine with vagrant ssh and test the installation with netlab test
Manual Virtual Machine Provisioning¶
Create a Ubuntu 20.04 virtual machine within your virtualization environment (you’ll find plenty of tutorials on the Internet)
Log into the virtual machine
Execute these commands to download Python3 and install netsim-tools, Ansible, vagrant, libvirt, KVM, containerlab, and Docker.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install -y python3-pip sudo pip3 install --ignore-installed netsim-tools netlab install -y ubuntu ansible libvirt containerlab
After completing the software installation, you might have to use usermod to add your user to libvirt and docker groups.